Developing the most advanced space weather forecasting tools


EUHFORIA (EUropean Heliospheric FORecasting Information Asset) is a space weather modeling tool that computes the time-evolution of the inner heliospheric plasma environment using a combination of empirical and physics-based modeling approaches. EUHFORIA consists of two major components: A coronal model and a heliosphere model including several types of coronal mass ejections. The coronal model provides data-driven solar wind plasma parameters at 0.1 AU by constructing a magnetic field model of the coronal large-scale magnetic field and employing empirical relations to determine the plasma state such as the solar wind speed and mass density. These are then used as boundary conditions to drive a three-dimensional time-dependent magnetohydrodynamics model of the inner heliosphere up to 2 AU.

The goal of EUHFORIA is to be a next-generation space weather prediction model that aids in mitigating the effects of space weather on European technological assets as well as assists in science operations of future space missions.


The EU-funded EUHFORIA 2.0 will address geoeffectiveness, impacts and mitigation, including extreme events, related to solar eruptions, solar wind streams and Solar Energetic Particles, with particular emphasis on its application to forecast Geomagnetically Induced Currents (GICs) and radiation on geospace.

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  • D. Millas, M.-E. Innocenti, B. Laperre, J. Raeder, S. Poedts, G. Lapenta: "The effectiveness of Data Assimilation in Space Weather forecasting: heliospheric and magnetospheric applications via MHD simulations", Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences, section Stellar and Solar Physics, 7, 571286 (2020). DOI: 10.3389/fspas.2020.571286 Open Access
  • S.J. Hofmeister, A.M. Veronig, S. Poedts, E. Samara, J. Magdalenić: "On the dependency between the peak velocity of high-speed solar wind streams near Earth and the area of their solar source coronal holes", Astrophys. J. Lett., 897:L17 (7pp) (2020). DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab9d19
  • C. Scolini, E. Chané, J. Pomoell, L. Rodriguez, S. Poedts: "Improving predictions of high-latitude Coronal Mass Ejections throughout the heliosphere", Space Weather, 18, e2019SW00224 (2020). DOI: 10.1029/2019SW002246
  • C. Scolini, E. Chané, M. Temmer, E. Kilpua, K. Dissauer, A.M. Veronig, E. Palmerio, J. Pomoell, M. Dumbović, J. Guo, L. Rodriguez, S. Poedts: "CME–CME Interactions as Sources of CME Geoeffectiveness: The Formation of the Complex Ejecta and Intense Geomagnetic Storm in 2017 Early September", Astrophys. J. Supl. series, 247 (1), Art. 21 (2020). DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/ab6216
  • J. Hinterreiter, J. Magdalenić, M. Temmer, C. Verbeke, I. Jebaraj, E. Samara, E. Asvestari, S. Poedts, J. Pomoell, E. Kilpua, L. Rodriguez, C. Scolini, A. Isavnin: "Assessing the performance of EUHFORIA modeling the background solar wind", Solar Phys., 294:170 (19pp) (2019). DOI: 10.1007/s11207-019-1558-8
  • E. Asvestari, S.G. Heinemann, M. Temmer, J. Pomoell, E. Kilpua, J. Magdalenić, S. Poedts: "Reconstructing coronal hole areas with EUHFORIA and adapted WSA model: optimising the model parameters", J. Geophys. Res.: Space Physics, 124 Open access article (18pp) (2019). DOI: 10.1029/2019ja027173
  • E.K.J. Kilpua, S. Good, E. Palmerio, E. Asvestari, E. Lumme, M. Ala-Lahti, M. Kalliokoski, D. Morosan, J. Pomoell, D. Price, J. Magdalenić, S. Poedts, Y. Futaana: "Multipoint Observations of the June 2012 Interacting Interplanetary Flux Ropes", Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences, section Stellar and Solar, 6, Article 50 (2019). DOI: 10.3389/fspas.2019.00050
  • C. Scolini, L. Rodriguez, M. Mierla, J. Pomoell, and S. Poedts: "Observation-based modelling of magnetised Coronal Mass Ejections with EUHFORIA", Astron. Astrophys., 626, A122 (2019). DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201935053
  • E. Palmerio, C. Scolini, D. Barnes, J. Magdalenić, M.J. West, A.N. Zhukov, L. Rodriguez, M. Mierla, S.W. Good, D.E. Morosan, E.K.J. Kilpua, J. Pomoell, and S. Poedts: "Multipoint Study of Successive Coronal Mass Ejections Driving Moderate Disturbances at 1 AU", Astrophys. J., 878, 37 (15pp) (2019). DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab1850
  • C. Verbeke, J. Pomoell, S. Poedts: "The Evolution of Coronal Mass Ejections in the Inner Heliosphere: Implementing the Spheromak Model with EUHFORIA", Astron. Astrophys., 627, A111 (2019). DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201834702
  • C. Scolini, C. Verbeke, S. Poedts, E. Chané, J. Pomoell, and F.P. Zuccarello: "Effect of the initial shape of Coronal Mass Ejections on 3D MHD simulations and geoeffectiveness predictions", Space Weather, 16, 754–771 (2018). DOI: 10.1029/2018SW001806
  • J. Pomoell and S. Poedts: "EUHFORIA: EUropean Heliospheric FORecasting Information Asset", J. of Space Weather and Space Climate, 8, A35 (2018). DOI: 10.1051/swsc/2018020
  • N. Wijsen, A. Aran, B. Sanahuja, J. Pomoell, S. Poedts: "The effect of drifts during the decaying phase of SEP events", Astron. Astrophys., 634, A82 (2020). DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201937026
  • N. Wijsen, A. Aran, J. Pomoell, S. Poedts: "Spreading protons in the heliosphere: a note on cross-field diffusion effects", Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1332, 012018 (13pp) (2019). DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/1332/1/012018
  • N. Wijsen, A. Aran, J. Pomoell, S. Poedts: "The Interplanetary Spread of Solar Energetic Protons Near a High-Speed Solar Wind Stream", Astron. Astrophys., 624, A47 (2019). DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201935139
  • N. Wijsen, A. Aran, S. Poedts, J. Pomoell: "Modelling three-dimensional transport of solar energetic protons with EUHFORIA", Astron. Astrophys., 622, A28 (17pp) (2019). DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201833958
  • S. Poedts, A. Lani, C. Scolini, C. Verbeke, N. Wijsen, G. Lapenta, B. Laperre, D. Millas, M.-E. Innocenti, E. Chané, T. Baratashvili, E. Samara, R. Van der Linden, L. Rodriguez, P. Vanlommel, R. Vainio, A. Afanasiev, E. Kilpua, J. Pomoell, R. Sarkar, A. Aran, B. Sanahuja, J.M. Paredes, E. Clarke, A. Thomson, A. Rouillard, R. Pinto, A. Marchaudon, P.-L. Blelly, B. Gorce, I. Plotnikov, A. Kouloumvakos, B. Heber, K. Herbst, A. Kochanov, J. Raeder, J. Depauw: "EUropean Heliospheric FORecasting Information Asset 2.0", J. of Space Weather and Space Climate, accepted ( swsc200073), in press (2020).
  • S. Poedts, A. Kochanov, A. Lani, C. Scolini, C. Verbeke, S. Hosteaux, E. Chané, H. Deconinck, N. Mihalache, F. Diet, D. Heynderickx, J. De Keyser, E. De Donder, N.B. Crosby, M. Echim, L. Rodriguez, R. Vansintjan, F. Verstringe, B. Mampaey, R. Horne, S. Glauert, P. Jiggens, R. Keil, A. Glover, G. Deprez, J.-P. Luntama: "The Virtual Space Weather Modelling Centre", J. of Space Weather and Space Climate, 10, Art. 14 (2020). Open Access DOI: 10.1051/swsc/2020012
  • S. Poedts: "Forecasting space weather with EUHFORIA in the Virtual Space Weather Modeling Centre", Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 61, 014011 (6pp) (2018). DOI: 10.1088/1361-6587/aae048